Water Care 101
Whether you have an in-ground pool, above ground pool or hot tub/spa, CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS is the original mineral formula for D.I.Y. pool treatment and maintenance.
Once your pool is up and running and the water is clear, check the water levels with a test kit.
Maintain an alkalinity reading of 120 ppm. If your alkalinity reading is below 80ppm: turn the filter system off and add baking soda to one corner (also known as pH UP), in the deep end of the pool. After 15 minutes, turn the filter system back on. If your alkalinity reading is above 150ppm: turn off the filer system and add muriatic acid (also known as pH DOWN), to one corner in the deep end of the pool, then turn the filtering system back on.
Maintain a pH level between 7.2 to 7.6. If the pH level is lower than 6.8, leave the filter system running and sprinkle baking soda evenly over the entire pool surface. If the pH level is higher than 7.8, leave the filtering system running and add muriatic acid by pouring it 6 inches above the water surface while walking around the pool.
Most city water is high in water hardness. A reading of 160 to 220ppm is ideal. Adding pool hardener (calcium) is not recommended unless the water hardness reading is less than 100ppm. Chronic (over) use of chlorine pucks may lead to hardness and less efficient free chlorine.
CHLORINE OR BROMINE
A reading of 1-3 ppm at all times is ideal. To achieve this reading, fill the chlorinator or brominator and use a low setting. If you do not use an automatic dispenser, place one chlorine puck at a time in the skimmer basket.
SHOCKING POOL & SPA WATER
We recommended you shock your pool water every week or two with liquid chlorine. The reason for this is to destroy any bacteria that may have grown tolerant to daily chlorine levels. To shock your pool water, test 5-7 ppm of liquid chlorine depending on your pool size.
- Above Ground 2-3 Litres ( 0.5 - 0.8 gal))
- Inground Pools 4-5 Litres ( 1.0 – 1.3 gal)
- King Size (20x40) 7-10 Litres ( 1.8 – 2.6 gal)
- Hot tub / spa lithium hypochloride 35 gms per 1000 litres ( 1.2 ounces per 264 gal)
CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS READINGS
Under normal conditions, the recommended initial treatment and weekly maintenance will be sufficient to guarantee there is at least 0.5ppm of copper present in the water. You may use a copper test kit once a month to check that ideal levels of 0.5ppm are maintained.
Don't add any stabilizer in the spring since some will still be present from last season. Use chlorine pucks that include a stabilizer. When first opening the pool, an ideal reading is 0-40ppm. With the use of stabilized pucks, the reading will gradually increase to between 75 and 80ppm, the ideal level for the peak of the summer.
Ideal Pool Readings
Copper test strips can check CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS readings. Levels should be checked monthly and maintained at (0.5 ppm)
- Sanitizer (1-3 ppm)
- Total Alkalinity (120 ppm)
- pH (7.2)
- copper (0.5 ppm)
- Liquid Chlorine for shocking (5-7 ppm)
- Stabilizer keep low (0 - 40 ppm)
Pool Maintenance Tips
- Point return jets upward on an angle to create a rippling effect on the water's surface
- Backwash filter twice weekly and after every vacuuming
- When adjusting the pH use muriatic acid to lower the pH and baking soda to raise the pH
- Keep the solar blanket on only at night, removing during the day
- Change your filter sand every five years
- For the most economical results, run the filter for 12 hours daily at night
The Best Tip
The best tip for pool care is start with clear water early in the season (when the water is still cold), and to stay ahead of algae and cloudiness by adhering to the CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS treatment instructions. When Introducing CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS into the water, NEVER premix in a bucket and pour into the pool, do not dump in a skimmer, dilute or throw abruptly on the surface. For best results sprinkle broadly and lightly on the surface approximately 6" above the water.
When testing the water with standard pH and chlorine test kits, submerge the test strip one foot deep. For chlorine, remove the flask, add the test drops and then shake and read immediately. When checking the readings, hold the flask against the sky or a non-coloured background. The ideal reading for chlorine should be 1-3 ppm with a pH of 7.2. When using the test strips, ensure they are not wet before using, or the reading will not be accurate.
The filter's job is to contain dirt, dead algae and impurities. If it's not functioning correctly, cloudy water, the presence of algae, or dirt and debris coming in through return jets may result.
There are two popular types of filter systems:
- Sand Filter System
- Cartridge Filter System
It is critical the filter runs correctly to maintain clean + clear water.
Sand Filter Systems
- Over time the sand becomes smooth and round, becoming less efficient at trapping and holding impurities
- Products on the market are designed to loosen up compacted sand, not renew it
- We recommend you change the sand every five seasons, to ensure ensuring optimal performance
- When changing the sand in your filter, always remember to backwash the new sand for several minutes before the normal filter cycle
- Backwashing will prevent the fine dust in the new sand from ending up in the pool
Filter Cartridges Systems
- The more often you clean or rinse them, the better they will function
- The filter system should be free of leaks
- If you are losing water or sucking air into the system, it will decrease its efficiency
- Cartridge filters should be inspected often and replaced when needed
- Always have a second cartridge on hand
- Avoid too fine a filter as it will clog up quickly because of the efficiency of CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS, requiring more frequent rinsing.
To avoid getting air into the system, submerge the hose and vacuum head into the water, place the opposite end of the hose at a return jet and hold in place until all air bubbles are forced out of the vacuum head.
Then insert the hose into the skimmer or vacuum inlet.
The key to proper vacuuming is to use slow and even movements to ensure you don't stir up debris.
If your motions are too fast, the dirt will be pushed around and re-suspended in the water giving the illusion of clean water until the debris settles back down to the bottom of the pool.
Backwash until the water from the waste outlet runs clear, then switch to rinse for approximately 15 seconds before reinserting the filter.
Water jets should point upwards at an angle of 20-30 degrees and away from the skimmer to create a rippling effect across the surface. This rippling effect aerates the water and keeps it healthy.
A chlorinator or brominator is a convenient way to dispense your sanitizer. Fill the dispenser with chlorine pucks or bromine and place on a low setting. If you do not have an automatic dispenser, place one or two pucks in the skimmer basket.
When using solar covers (blankets) try not to leave them on during the day, especially in hot weather. Solar covers are designed to keep the heat in, not make the water warmer. The best time to use a solar cover is overnight once the sun sets, removing it during the day. This practice ensures healthier water by absorbing the sun's rays to heat the pool and oxygen to enter the water.
Winter safety covers are made of mesh and allow fine airborne dirt to penetrate and settle on the pool bottom.
To prevent this, we recommend putting a standard winter cover on first and then placing the safety cover on top. The result will be crystal clear water when you open your pool.
Open Early Tip
Open your pool when the water is still cold, and the algae have not had a chance to grow yet. The water is also clear at this time, making vacuuming easier.
The best way to find the source of a stain is by its colour. The most common stains are greenish-brown and are typically organic (leaves sitting on the bottom during the winter), or algae growth. A shock treatment and scrubbing with a stiff brush may quickly remove this type of stain. Stains that appear reddish brown or very dark are typically related to the presence of iron and manganese metals in your pool water. CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS contains a mineral that helps prevent staining from excess copper.
POOL OPENING IN 5 EASY STEPS
- For optimum results ensure pump and filter are in proper working order, balance pH to 7.2pH, total alkalinity 120 ppm and chlorinated pool water to 3 - 5 ppm.
- As a minimum treatment, add 57g ( 2 oz ) of CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS per 4500 L (1000 gal) of pool water, which will result in a minimum concentration of 0.5 ppm copper.
- Distribute CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS by sprinkling across pool water surface, every meter or so around the perimeter of the pool, avoiding the coping and any stairs.
- Run the filter overnight.
- The next day backwash the filter, vacuum the pool and then backwash the filter a second time. (For cartridge filters remove and clean). Repeat this procedure every second day until pool water is clean + clear. This procedure could take up to a week depending on the condition of the water. Then return the filter and resume your normal operating schedule. Time may be reduced to 8-12 hours per day, depending on the condition of the water. During days with high temperatures and heavy pool use, you should run the filter 24 hours a day, and you may need to increase use of sanitizer.
On a weekly basis, you should first check the pH level and adjust to 7.2 pH if needed, then add 3.5g (1/8 oz) of CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS per 4500 L (1000gal) of pool water. This amount will usually be sufficient, depending on water loss from backwashing the filter, etc. Add sanitizer to achieve an ideal reading of 1 - 3 ppm. If using a brominator or chlorinator, fill and place on the lowest setting. It is recommended to shock weekly with liquid chlorine to ( 3-5 ppm).
On a weekly basis, you should first check the pH level and adjust to 7.2 pH if needed, then add 3.5g (1/8 oz) of CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS per 4500 L (1000gal) of pool water. This amount will usually be sufficient, depending on water loss from backwashing the filter, etc. Add sanitizer to achieve an ideal reading of 1 - 3 ppm. If using a brominator or chlorinator, fill and place on the lowest setting. It is recommended to shock weekly with liquid chlorine to (3-5 ppm).
POOL CLOSING in 5 EASY STEPS
- One week before closing pool, add 28g (1oz) of CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS per 4500 L (1000 gal) of pool water.
- Distribute CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS by sprinkling across pool water surface, avoiding the coping and any stairs.
- Run the filter overnight, and the next day backwash the filter, vacuum the pool and then backwash a second time (for cartridge filter remove and clean).
- Then return the filter and resume your normal operating schedule. On the day of the pool closing, drain the pool to return jets.
- Cap off all the lines and then winterize the pool by adding 10-20 litres of liquid chlorine and cover for the winter (no closing kits are required with the use of CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS).
- Ideally, open the spa with FRESH WATER as normal. Ensure filter is functioning well.
- If not fresh water, shock the spa with 1 L to 4 L of liquid chlorine depending upon spa size.
- ADD 60 GRAMS (2 OZ) OF CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS PER 4500 LITRES (1000 GALS).
- Each scoop (included) holds 15 grams (1/2 oz.).
- A typical spa (hot tub) holds about 500 gals., needs about 2 scoops to start.
- Sprinkle (broadcast) CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS over the spa water surface avoiding decking, coping, and stairs.
- DO NOT add CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS to a bucket and pour into the spa.
- DO NOT dump CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS into the skimmer.
- Run the filter as needed and clean the filter frequently when needed.
- Spa water should be exchanged every 3 to 4 months with fresh water, and treated as an OPENING (see #3).
- Add chlorine or bromine tabs or lithium hypochloride as needed
- Add 30 grams (1 oz) of CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS per 4500 litres (1000 gals).
- A typical spa needs about 1 scoop (15 grams) per week.
NOTE: CLEAN + CLEAR MINERALS is NOT A SANITIZER. A bactericide such as chlorine or bromine must be added to eliminate bacteria.